Artificial insemination is one of the best-known assisted reproduction treatments. Artificial insemination is a simple, minimally invasive technique that involves depositing a number of sperm, prepared in the laboratory, into the mother’s uterus when she is ovulating. The idea is to engineer a meeting between ovule and sperm to increase the possibilities of pregnancy.
Artificial insemination should not be confused with in vitro fertilisation. In the former, the ovum is fertilised naturally inside the woman, in the fallopian tube, whereas in the latter, the ovum is extracted from the woman for fertilisation in the laboratory, outside her body.
At IVF-Spain we determine which treatment is more suitable for each woman based on a detailed medical study, and we use the assisted reproduction technique most likely to be successful in each specific case. To do this, our laboratory is equipped with highly advanced technologies for carrying out each technique.
There are two ways of performing this treatment:
Step 1. Ovarian stimulation
Ovarian stimulation is a necessary first step to achieve artificial insemination. At IVF-Spain, ovarian stimulation is part of in-vitro fertilisation treatments carried out according to personalised protocols to obtain sufficient embryos and increase the possibilities of achieving pregnancy.
Ultrasound examinations are performed during this period, which lasts between 10 and 20 days, to check that the patient is responding as expected to the drugs and that her follicles are growing steadily to reach the optimal size to guarantee puncture and, therefore, reproductive success.
In artificial insemination, the ovaries are stimulated to mature and release a follicle for fertilisation with a semen sample deposited in patient’s uterus.
Step 2: Preparing the semen
This process takes place in the andrology laboratory, where the most vigorous sperm are selected for fertilisation.
Step 3: Insemination
Once the sperm most likely to achieve pregnancy has been selected, the doctor inserts the sample into the uterus. This is a quick, painless process. The purpose is to shorten the distance between the fallopian tube where sperm usually come into contact with and fertilise the ovum. After the artificial insemination treatment, our team follows up the patient to check that the pregnancy test is positive.
*The viability of the treatment depends on the medical diagnosis.